Register to receive wahenga email alerts!
One of Africa’s poorest countries at Independence in 1966, Botswana has achieved a remarkable economic transformation to upper middle income status and a reputation for sound governance and minimal corruption. Mineral wealth, mainly from diamonds, has been wisely invested in economic and social infrastructure and human resources, resulting in impressive advances against most social indicators.
Botswana has a strong and long-standing commitment to state-led social protection. Programming for poor, vulnerable and excluded groups is comprehensive by African standards, while efforts to tackle HIV/AIDS and its impacts have been outstanding. Yet this impressive track record, which holds a number of lessons for other African countries, has until now remained under-researched and rarely cited. This Brief is based on a recent assessment and policy analysis of Botswana’s social development sector undertaken for the Government’s Department of Social Services with UNICEF and RHVP support. It reviews the status, as of mid-2010, of Botswana’s social protection policies and programmes within their broader social development context, examines their effectiveness and assesses the challenges they face.